Victorian Diamond and Ruby Hen Brooch, c.1900s
15 Carat Rose Gold & Silver
Pink coloured gold. The pink hue comes from the alloying metal which is copper or sometimes copper and silver.
A diamond cut used since the 16th century. Rose cuts have flat bottoms and pointed tops created from triangular facets, usually faceted out of slivers of diamond that would serve no other purpose.
Derived from the Greek meaning ‘unbreakable’, diamond is a mineral, considered to be the most beautiful and rare of all gemstones. Diamond has been associated with love for centuries.
A pigment of a vitreous nature composed usually of powdered pot ash or silica, bound with oil coloured glass as a surface decoration, fired at a very low temperature.
An element and metal with the symbol Ag. The name derives from the Greek meaning ‘grey’ or ‘shining’. Silver is a malleable metal which makes it ideal for use in jewellery.
The diamond colour grading scale ranges from D to Z. See The Four C’s for more information.
A weight measurement of a gemstone or gold. The term is derived from the ancient used of carob seeds to balance scales when selling amounts of gold or gemstones. The term is often shortened to ‘ct’.
A red gemstone and variety of the mineral corundum. In ancient Sanskrit ruby is known as ‘ratnaraj’ meaning ‘the king of precious stones’. Throughout the ages ruby has been regarded as the stone of royalty and the upper classes. Its red colour makes it also the stone of love and passion. The famous Black Prince Ruby was discovered to be a Red Spinel by scientists in the 19th century. Today it sits in the British Imperial Crown, next to the Cullinan II diamond. Ruby is 9 on the Mohs scale. Read more
A chemical element with the symbol Au. Gold is a yellow, malleable metal which makes it perfect for use in jewellery making.
One of the most defining characteristics of a diamond is its cut. While high grades of color, clarity, and carat weight affect a diamond, it's the cut that determines the symmetry of the stone's facets, its overall proportions, and its ability to reflect light. An expertly cut diamond will achieve high levels of brilliance, sparkle, and durability. For more information and cut types, see The Four C's.
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