Victorian 0.30ct Aquamarine and Pearl Brooch, c.1900s
15 Carat Yellow Gold
A bluey green transparent variety of beryl, the name is meant to suggest the colour of seawater. The gemstone aquamarine is associated with trust, harmony, friendship and good feelings in general. 7.5 - 8 on the Mohs scale. Aqua in ancient times was credited with aiding sleep, protecting sailors and counteracting the effects of poison. Read more
A setting where a thin band or rim of metal holds the gemstone around the girdle and the top of the gemstone sits flush. This can sometimes refer to a rub over setting.
A gemstone and an organic substance. Pearls have been coveted through the ages for their beauty as symbols of wealth and status. Pearl formation process begins when a foreign body enters a mollusk (usually an oyster or mussel) and is coated with nacre as a natural defense. The natural pearl market declined after 1900, and today 99% of pearls are cultured and are grown around the world in saltwater oysters and freshwater mussels. Read more
The central part of the ring that holds the gem or main ornaments.
A weight measurement of a gemstone or gold. The term is derived from the ancient used of carob seeds to balance scales when selling amounts of gold or gemstones. The term is often shortened to ‘ct’.
A chemical element with the symbol Au. Gold is a yellow, malleable metal which makes it perfect for use in jewellery making.
One of the most defining characteristics of a diamond is its cut. While high grades of color, clarity, and carat weight affect a diamond, it's the cut that determines the symmetry of the stone's facets, its overall proportions, and its ability to reflect light. An expertly cut diamond will achieve high levels of brilliance, sparkle, and durability. For more information and cut types, see The Four C's.
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