Edwardian 0.45ct Ruby and Diamond Five Stone Ring, c.1900s
18 Carat Yellow Gold
The period during the rule of Edward VII, between 1903 and 1910.
A method of setting whereby stones are set and secured between a number of ‘claws’, usually four, six or eight. The method of setting was popularised by Tiffany & Co. in the late 1880s, and allows more light to pass through a gemstone than other settings. Sometimes referred to as prong set.
A mark or a series of marks stamped on precious metal such as gold, platinum or palladium. The hallmark often denoted the place the item was made, the fineness of the metal and the year in which the item was hallmarked/made.
A diamond cut used since the 16th century. Rose cuts have flat bottoms and pointed tops created from triangular facets, usually faceted out of slivers of diamond that would serve no other purpose.
A term used to describe the cut of a stone, usually cut prior to 1910. They are characterized by having small tables, large culets and rounded outline with a high crown. They were cut so to produce optimal levels of fire, seen best in candlelight.
Derived from the Greek meaning ‘unbreakable’, diamond is a mineral, considered to be the most beautiful and rare of all gemstones. Diamond has been associated with love for centuries.
A weight measurement of a gemstone or gold. The term is derived from the ancient used of carob seeds to balance scales when selling amounts of gold or gemstones. The term is often shortened to ‘ct’.
A red gemstone and variety of the mineral corundum. In ancient Sanskrit ruby is known as ‘ratnaraj’ meaning ‘the king of precious stones’. Throughout the ages ruby has been regarded as the stone of royalty and the upper classes. Its red colour makes it also the stone of love and passion. The famous Black Prince Ruby was discovered to be a Red Spinel by scientists in the 19th century. Today it sits in the British Imperial Crown, next to the Cullinan II diamond. Ruby is 9 on the Mohs scale. Read more
The section of the ring which fits round the finger. Also known as a shank.
A chemical element with the symbol Au. Gold is a yellow, malleable metal which makes it perfect for use in jewellery making.
One of the most defining characteristics of a diamond is its cut. While high grades of color, clarity, and carat weight affect a diamond, it's the cut that determines the symmetry of the stone's facets, its overall proportions, and its ability to reflect light. An expertly cut diamond will achieve high levels of brilliance, sparkle, and durability. For more information and cut types, see The Four C's.
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