Vintage Tiffany & Co. 3.00 Carat Diamond Cluster Earrings, c.1970s
Round Brilliant Cut
The standard modern round cut diamond, first invented in 1919. The stone has either 57 or 58 facets depending on whether it has a culet or not.
A mark or a series of marks stamped on precious metal such as gold, platinum or palladium. The hallmark often denoted the place the item was made, the fineness of the metal and the year in which the item was hallmarked/made.
The shape of a cut gemstone or the shape of a design of a ring or other piece of jewellery, credited to King Louis XV of France. The marquise shape is distinctive due to its oval shape, with pointed ends.
A metal prized for its rarity, whiteness, high tensile strength and insusceptibility to corrosion. It first became widely used in jewellery in the late nineteenth century, when methods were found to make it more easily workable. It features heavily in the delicate Edwardian jewellery of the first decades of the twentieth century.
A term used to describe an item that is approximately 50-100 years old but not an antique.
A term used to describe the severity of the internal and external inclusions in a gemstone. See The Four C’s for further information.
Derived from the Greek meaning ‘unbreakable’, diamond is a mineral, considered to be the most beautiful and rare of all gemstones. Diamond has been associated with love for centuries.
The diamond colour grading scale ranges from D to Z. See The Four C’s for more information.
A weight measurement of a gemstone or gold. The term is derived from the ancient used of carob seeds to balance scales when selling amounts of gold or gemstones. The term is often shortened to ‘ct’.
One of the most defining characteristics of a diamond is its cut. While high grades of color, clarity, and carat weight affect a diamond, it's the cut that determines the symmetry of the stone's facets, its overall proportions, and its ability to reflect light. An expertly cut diamond will achieve high levels of brilliance, sparkle, and durability. For more information and cut types, see The Four C's.
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